Dental Braces and Retainers

teeth

Dental Braces and Retainers

If you possess crooked teeth or misaligned bites such as an overbite or underbite, there are many treatments available to help straighten it. The most efficient and conventional therapy for such an issue is to wear braces and retainers. The dentist will take impressions of your teeth, images of your teeth and face and x-rays of your mouth and head. From the information gathered, an analysis is made to provide you with the most appropriate treatment plan. In most cases, braces are enough, but in certain extreme cases, surgery may be required.

What types of braces are available?

The dentist will prescribe a suitable appliance to meet your specific needs. The braces consist of wires, bands, and other fixed or removable corrective devices. No single method is devised and suitable for everyone.

How do braces work?

Braces work by applying consistent and continuous pressure over a period which slowly helps moves the teeth in a specific direction. As the teeth begin to move, the bone changes shape as a result of the pressure applied.

What are braces made up of?

Braces consist of components such as:-

  • Brackets
  • Orthodontic bands
  • Spacers
  • Archwires
  • Ties
  • Buccal tube
  • Ligatures
  • Springs
  • Facebow headgear
  • Elastic rubber bands

How long is to be worn?

The duration of braces worn varies from person to person depending on various factors such as severity of the issue, amount of room available, distance teeth must travel, the health of teeth and gums and supporting bone structure. On an average, once the braces are worn, they are usually worn for 1-3 years. Once the braces are removed, the majority of patients are required to wear retainers all the time for the initial six months then only at the time of sleep for years to come.

Are braces painful?

Adjustments made by the orthodontist to the braces may often feel uncomfortable or make your mouth sore. You can tackle such inconvenience by taking over the counter painkillers such as Motrin or Tylenol. If you experience excruciating pain post braces adjustment, contact your orthodontist to make adjustments differently.

How often to visit the orthodontist during treatment?

You are required to see the orthodontist monthly to ensure the braces are exerting steady pressure on the teeth. The orthodontist will make adjustments in the wire, spring or rubber bands of the braces to create sufficient increased tension and stress. In extreme situations, braces alone aren’t enough to solve the issue; an external headgear will be required to be worn in the evening and throughout the night.

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